My PhD in the microwave

Figure 2: Glassy bottom ash produced by microwave thermal treatment.

One of the main features of the current consumer society, is materials production for mass consumption. This results in the generation of huge amounts of (municipal solid) waste (MSW). The social, environmental and health risks linked to the disposal of waste in landfills has stimulated the European Commission to implement solid waste management policies. The main practices in waste management ...

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Coping with negative feedback

Screenshot from

“You said you worked hard? Well, maybe you need to work a little harder. Is that really the limit of your strength? Could the you of tomorrow beat you today? Instead of giving in, move forward.” After many months of article reading, experiments and data analysis, I came out with my first scientific article. Despite reading literature and scientific documents ...

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Upcycling of residues from the plasma gasification of waste

Figure 1. Sinter-crystallization behavior of Plasmastone (PS), soda-lime glass (SLG) and Plasmastone mixed with soda-lime glass (Adapted from Bernardo, 2007 - ECERS Berlin).

Europe contains between 150,000 to 500,000 landfill sites, from which 90% could be “non-sanitary”. Remediation actions will soon need to take place in order to prevent any environmental and health problem that these non-sanitary landfills could cause. Enhanced landfill mining (ELFM) could be a solution to manage these landfills and also to reclaim land for society benefits. In ex-situ ELFM, ...

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All roads lead to… a landfill

Image from Hindustantimes

At present, almost all that we consume goes in a direct or indirect way to a landfill, and from there, our waste starts to degrade itself producing greenhouse gasses and leaching a lot of toxic compounds which could contaminate our aquifers, our most pure source of water. The organic material starts degrading immediately, but the other fractions need up to hundreds ...

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Have you ever thought about composting at home?

Figure 1: Making-Compost. (Source:

Since long time ago human kind has practiced composting as a common activity and, therefore, nowadays there are many different techniques available for processing our organic waste and turn it into a natural soil conditioner or fertilizer at home. Such practice contributes to close the natural cycles of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous and avoids the need of the application of ...

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Most probably interesting – Bayesians vs. Frequentists

Figure 1: No one actually knows what Thomas Bayes looked like, but this is the picture that everyone uses; next to him you see his famous theorem.

Today, I want to tell you something about probability. Most people who hear this term intuitively understand what it means. If someone tells them there is a 90% chance for rain they know: better pack an umbrella today. Looking more closely, there are different definitions for probability in science and philosophy. In this blog post, I want to briefly introduce ...

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Horizon Europe – European Research and Innovation

Figure 1: Comparison between the Multiannual Financial Framework  2014-2020 and 2021-2027 (

The European Commission has recently published its proposal for the European Research and Innovation Program for the period from 2021 to 2027. The so-called Horizon Europe will succeed the Horizon2020 and was announced as the most ambitious Research and Innovation Program ever launch. The Commission proposal foresee a significant increase of the European Research and Innovation budged relative to the ...

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Following the sunlight, going into a new era!

Figure 1: Concentrated solar thermal plant [2]

“The harness of waterfalls is the most economical method known for drawing energy from the sun” stated the eclectic inventor Nikola Tesla. Both the Greeks and the Romans had realised that as they were already using hydraulic energy to grind wheat in watermills. This usage continued since up to the point that Western Europe and the United States are now ...

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